To prevent Africans and Native Americans from uniting Europeans played skillfully on racial differences and ethnic rivalries. They kept the pot of animosity boiling. Whites turned Indians into slavehunter and slaveowners, and Africans into “Indian-fighters.” Light-skinned Africans were pitted against dark-skinned, free against enslaved, Black Indians against “pure” Africans or “pure” Indians.

William Loren Katz, Black Indians: A Hidden Heritage, p. 13 (via a-lostbird)